Brain Cancer

Triclosan and Cancer Risk: Is There a Link?

Triclosan and Cancer Risk: Is There a Link?

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Some studies suggest triclosan could have oncogenic properties, but more research is needed to confirm a causal link.

Is Genomic Medicine Failing Minority Patients?

Is Genomic Medicine Failing Minority Patients?

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Racial minorities are poorly represented in genomic research databases, raising important questions about whether or not all patients will benefit equally from advances in precision oncology.

Risk of Brain Metastasis in Colorectal Cancer Dependent on Tumor Location and Other Metastatic Sites

Risk of Brain Metastasis in Colorectal Cancer Dependent on Tumor Location and Other Metastatic Sites

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In patients with colorectal cancer, rectal tumors and lung metastasis appeared to be linked to an elevated risk for brain cancer.

<i>ARID1A</i> Mutations Might Predict Tumor Response to Immunotherapy

ARID1A Mutations Might Predict Tumor Response to Immunotherapy

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New findings bolster the case for the predictive utility of ARID1A mutations.

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Detection: New Test Assesses Levels of Circulating Proteins for Early-Stage Diagnosis

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Detection: New Test Assesses Levels of Circulating Proteins for Early-Stage Diagnosis

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A new test has been shown to be capable of identifying eight different cancers by assessing levels of circulating proteins along with mutations in cell-free DNA.

Understanding Telomerase: Higher Quality Images Give Insight Into Developing New Agents for Inhibition

Understanding Telomerase: Higher Quality Images Give Insight Into Developing New Agents for Inhibition

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Telomerase plays a crucial role in tumor proliferation, and a better understanding of its structure will pave the way for new drug development.

Efficacy and Hyperemesis Syndrome Associated With Cannabinoid Use in Cancers ― In the Clinic

Efficacy and Hyperemesis Syndrome Associated With Cannabinoid Use in Cancers ― In the Clinic

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Many clinical trials and systematic reviews note that the use of cannabinoids also comes with adverse events, including a clinical entity that has been gaining evidence in the literature over the last decade called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.

Can Oncolytic Viruses Improve Immunotherapies?

Can Oncolytic Viruses Improve Immunotherapies?

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Emerging evidence shows that injecting tumors directly into one tumor can trigger systemic antitumor immunity and immune attacks on untreated tumors elsewhere in the body.

Clonally Transmissible Cancers in Nature

Clonally Transmissible Cancers in Nature

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While a recent discovery of a series of communicable cancers has raised concerns, there has been no sign of readily transmittable cancer in people that could spread through a population the way the ones found in other species do.

The Hunt for Effective Anticancer Vaccines

The Hunt for Effective Anticancer Vaccines

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Researchers are hotly pursuing 2 distinct biological paths that show remarkable promise in the hunt for an effective anticancer vaccine.

Carboxyamidotriazole Orotate With Temozolomide May Be Active Against Glioblastoma

Carboxyamidotriazole Orotate With Temozolomide May Be Active Against Glioblastoma

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EGFR-amplified tumors had a high rate of response.

HIV-Associated Cancers: A Paradigm Shift?

HIV-Associated Cancers: A Paradigm Shift?

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Many HIV-associated cancers develop with the help of oncoviruses — some of which are sexually transmitted.

Anticancer Immunotherapy to Circumvent Tumor Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Anticancer Immunotherapy to Circumvent Tumor Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

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Most tumors do not respond, or evolve resistance, to immune checkpoint inhibition. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins have engineered a new class of cancer immunotherapy agents designed to short-circuit key mechanisms of tumors' disruption and evasion of immune system attack.

Phase 1 Trials: Therapy, Not Just Science

Phase 1 Trials: Therapy, Not Just Science

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Phase 1 trials should be considered therapeutic options for some patients.

Immunotherapy and the Risk of Myocarditis

Immunotherapy and the Risk of Myocarditis

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The risk should not discourage patients with cancer from taking these potentially life-extending therapies.

Can A Consortium of Hospitals Help To Reduce Drug Prices?

Can A Consortium of Hospitals Help To Reduce Drug Prices?

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To help curb drug prices, a consortium of hospital groups recently announced plans to form their own nonprofit drug company.

Larotrectinib: Promising for All TRK-Positive Tumors

Larotrectinib: Promising for All TRK-Positive Tumors

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Larotrectinib may have durable antitumor activity in patients with TRK fusion-positive cancers, regardless of tumor type.

Interest in Oncolytic Viruses Continues To Grow

Interest in Oncolytic Viruses Continues To Grow

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A variety of viruses are being researched in cancers including melanoma, brain tumors, breast cancers, and others.

Diagnosing Medicine's Intractable Gender Pay Gap

Diagnosing Medicine's Intractable Gender Pay Gap

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The #MeToo movement has inspired many women to relate stories of harassment, and medicine is no exception.

Glioblastoma: Temozolomide, Bevacizumab May Improve Outcomes Among Elderly Patients

Glioblastoma: Temozolomide, Bevacizumab May Improve Outcomes Among Elderly Patients

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Researchers enrolled 66 patients with glioblastoma to evaluate the safety and efficacy of upfront temozolomide with bevacizumab.

Managing Adverse Events in the Era of Immunotherapy

Managing Adverse Events in the Era of Immunotherapy

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The novelty of immunotherapies means that physicians and patients lack extensive experience dealing with them.

Healthful Lifestyles and Cancer: Much More Than A Single Behavior

Healthful Lifestyles and Cancer: Much More Than A Single Behavior

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A recent study is the first to demonstrate the cumulative effect of a large number of lifestyle behaviors.

Cancer Immunosurveillance Comes of Age

Cancer Immunosurveillance Comes of Age

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As oncologists learn to target the immune response to "self and non-self," a delicate therapy balance will eventually be achieved with predictable outcomes, benefits, and toxicity in the fight against cancer.

Tumor-treating Fields Do Not Negatively Affect Health-related QoL

Tumor-treating Fields Do Not Negatively Affect Health-related QoL

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A previous study demonstrated that tumor-treating field therapy improves progression-free survival and overall survival among patients with glioblastoma.

Pediatric Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia May Have Elevated Cancer Risk

Pediatric Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia May Have Elevated Cancer Risk

Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Does Immune Checkpoint Inhibition Have A Dark Side?

Does Immune Checkpoint Inhibition Have A Dark Side?

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Careful research is needed to ensure that immunotherapies activating T cells do not inadvertently fuel progression of T cell malignancies.

Cannabis for Cancer: An Uncertain Future

Cannabis for Cancer: An Uncertain Future

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While some researchers are attempting to determine whether cannabis has any anti-tumor activity, the FDA recommends that patients do not listen to websites touting the benefits of cannabidiol.

Sorafenib Plus Temsirolimus Demonstrates Limited Benefit in Glioblastoma

Sorafenib Plus Temsirolimus Demonstrates Limited Benefit in Glioblastoma

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Over 75% and 73.9% of VEGFi-naive and patients previously treated with a VEGFi, respectively, had at least 1 grade 3 or worse adverse event.

Can Understanding the Gut Microbiome Improve Clinical Oncology?

Can Understanding the Gut Microbiome Improve Clinical Oncology?

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Researchers hope to define what constitutes a functionally healthy microbiome not just in cancer, but across the health spectrum.

Tumor-treating Fields Improve Glioblastoma Outcomes

Tumor-treating Fields Improve Glioblastoma Outcomes

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Adverse event rates were similar in both trial groups, though patients treated with TTFields were much more likely to have mild to moderate skin toxicity.

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