US State Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Rates

Share this content:

the Cancer Therapy Advisor take:

Greater progress in reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality rates was observed in Northeastern states compared to Southern states, according to an article published online in the journal Cancer.

In this study, the investigators aimed to quantify disparities in CRC rates between Louisiana (representing Southern states) and New Jersey (representing Northeastern states) if differences in risk factors, screening, and stage-specific CRC survival were eliminated.

The Microsimulation Screening Analysis Colon microsimulation model estimated age-adjusted CRC incidence and mortality rates in Louisiana (between 1995 and 2009) under four assumptions: that residents in both states had the same smoking and obesity prevalence;  CRC screening rates; stage-specific CRC relative survival ; and that the previous three assumptions were true.

Results showed the CRC incidence rate in Louisiana decreased by 3.5% when it had the same risk factors as New Jersey, and by 15.2% when it had the same screening rate as New Jersey.

If Louisiana had New Jersey’s risk factors, screening, and survival rates, the CRC mortality rate would be reduced by 3.0%, 10.8%, and 17.4%, respectively.

The modeled rates per 100,000 individuals in Louisiana had a greater reduction than the rates observed in New Jersey for both CRC incidence and mortality rates (116.4 vs. 130.0 and 44.7 vs. 55.8, respectively).

The study suggests that the differences in poor outcomes between Southern states and Northern states could be reduced if Southern states could achieve the same levels of screening, survival, and risk factors as those of Northern states

.

Combating Colon Cancer Based on Genetic Mutations
Greater progress in reducing colorectal cancer incidence, mortality rates observed in Northeastern states compared to Southern states.
Northeastern states of the United States have shown more progress in reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality rates than Southern states, and this has resulted in considerable disparities.
READ FULL ARTICLE From Wiley Online Library

Related Resources

You must be a registered member of Cancer Therapy Advisor to post a comment.

Regimen and Drug Listings

GET FULL LISTINGS OF TREATMENT Regimens and Drug INFORMATION

Bone Cancer Regimens Drugs
Brain Cancer Regimens Drugs
Breast Cancer Regimens Drugs
Endocrine Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gastrointestinal Cancer Regimens Drugs
Gynecologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Head and Neck Cancer Regimens Drugs
Hematologic Cancer Regimens Drugs
Lung Cancer Regimens Drugs
Other Cancers Regimens
Prostate Cancer Regimens Drugs
Rare Cancers Regimens
Renal Cell Carcinoma Regimens Drugs
Skin Cancer Regimens Drugs
Urologic Cancers Regimens Drugs

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters