Increased Risk of Infusion Site Reactions with Fosaprepitant in Patients Receiving Anthracyclines
the Cancer Therapy Advisor take:
According to a new study published in the journal Anticancer Research, researchers have found that fosaprepitant, the intravenous formulation of the NK1 receptor antagonist aprepitant for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, is associated with an increased risk of infusion site reactions in patients receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens compared with those receiving cisplatin-based regimens.
For the study, researchers sought to investigate the incidence of infusion site adverse effects in patients receiving different chemotherapy regimens. They retrospectively identified 267 patients who received either cisplatin- or anthracycline-based regimens.
Results showed that 41.7% of patients who received fosaprepitant experienced infusion site reactions compared with 10.9% of those who received aprepitant to prevent nausea and vomiting. Analyses showed no association between fosaprepitant and an elevated risk of infusion site adverse events in those receiving cisplatin-based regimens, but there was an assocation between the drug and an increased risk of infusion site adverse events among those who were administered anthracycline-based regimens (OR = 12.95; 95% CI: 5.74 - 29.20; P = 0.001).
The IV Emend prescribing information notes that infusion site reactions were experienced in 3% of patients that received fosaprepitant during clinical studies.
Fosaprepitant associated with increased risk of infusion site reactions in patients receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy.
Regimen and Drug Listings
GET FULL LISTINGS OF TREATMENT Regimens and Drug INFORMATION
|Head and Neck Cancer||Regimens||Drugs|
|Renal Cell Carcinoma||Regimens||Drugs|
Cancer Therapy Advisor Articles
- St John's Wort and Cancer
- Radiation Therapy Increases 5-year Rate of Cardiac Events in Small-cell Lung Cancer
- Long-term Survival From Ipilimumab/Nivolumab Combination in Metastatic Melanoma
- Questions Remain for First-line Treatment Selection and Sequencing in Advanced Melanoma
- Pazopanib: Where Does It Stand as Adjuvant Therapy in Localized RCC?
- Lung Cancer Treatment in North America: Recent Advances and Future Promises
- Atezolizumab Maintains Clinical Benefit After 2 Years in Advanced NSCLC
- Luminespib May Be Effective in NSCLC With EGFR Exon 20 Insertion Mutation
- Pembrolizumab After Locally Ablative Therapy May Be Beneficial in Metastatic NSCLC
- Liquid Biopsies Detect Unknown Driver Mutations in Advanced NSCLC