Abigail Ford Winkel

All articles by Abigail Ford Winkel

Seizure disorders

Seizure disorders, epilepsy 1. What every clinician should know Seizures are paroxysmal behavioral spells caused by disorderly discharge of cortical nerve cells and can range from clinically undetectable abnormal patterns on electroencephalography (EEG) to generalized convulsions. Patients are defined as having epilepsy when they experience recurrent or unprovoked seizures, or have brain alterations increasing the…


Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn 1. What every clinician should know Any fetus inheriting a blood group factor not possessed by its mother may stimulate an immune reaction in the mother. Usually associated with fetomaternal hemorrhage before birth or at delivery, fetal red cells cross into maternal circulation and are recognized as foreign…

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