Alina Popa

All articles by Alina Popa

Carotid stenosis

I. What every physician needs to know. The proximal internal carotid artery and the carotid bifurcation are the locations most frequently affected by carotid atherosclerosis. Atheromatous plaque at the carotid bifurcation results in luminal narrowing, also known as carotid stenosis. This process can lead to ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in the carotid…

Giant Cell Arteritis

I. What every physician needs to know. Giant cell arteritis (GCA), also known as temporal arteritis, is a chronic vasculitis of large and medium sized vessel that should be considered in individuals older than 50 who present with new onset of headache, visual dysfunction, polymyalgia rheumatica or systemic inflammatory symptoms. Giant cell arteritis is commonly…

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