Ashley Duckett

All articles by Ashley Duckett

Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome

I. What every physician needs to know. Ramsay-Hunt syndrome (RHS), first described in 1907, is the triad of acute unilateral facial nerve palsy with ipsilateral otalgia and an erythematous vesicular rash of the auricle or oral mucosa. It is caused by reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) involving the geniculate ganglion of 7th cranial nerve…

Bartter/Gitelman syndrome

I. What every physician needs to know. Bartter syndrome and Gitelman syndrome are autosomal recessive disorders of renal tubular electrolyte transport characterized by metabolic alkalosis, hypokalemia and low to normal blood pressure despite hyperaldosteronism and hyperreninemia. There are multiple genetic mutations associated with these syndromes (Bartter I-IV and Gitelman) and although there can be significant…

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