Brian Williams

All articles by Brian Williams

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure First decision point Determine preoperative baseline pain score with movement. Moderate or higher (versus none-mild) preoperative pain with movement predicts higher postoperative pain scores with movement. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears can accelerate knee arthritis. In these patients, distinguish chronic arthritic pain (likely to benefit more…

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