John Pandolfino

All articles by John Pandolfino

Esophageal Motility Disorders

How can I be sure that the patient has esophageal motility disorders? Signs and symptoms Esophageal motility disorders are by-products of abnormal contractile activity that lead to symptoms of dysphagia, chest pain, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms (heartburn/regurgitation), aspiration, and/or malnutrion. They result from a delicate interplay of the inhibitory and excitatory influences in the…

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