Richard Cheung

All articles by Richard Cheung

Hepatic encephalopathy

Hepatic Encephalopathy I. What every physician needs to know. Hepatic encephalopathy (HE), also known as portal systemic encephalopathy (PSE), is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder in patients with portal systemic shunting, either with or without intrinsic liver dysfunction. When present in acute liver injury, it contributes to the diagnosis of acute liver failure and expedites liver…

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