Vanessa Loland

All articles by Vanessa Loland

Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Total shoulder arthroplasty, also known as total shoulder replacement, is the treatment for the end stage of shoulder joint disability. These patients often have pain in and dysfunction of their shoulder, and have a tried a variety of treatments, including oral pain relievers and steroid injections,…

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