William Lombardi

All articles by William Lombardi

Chronic Total Occlusions

General description of procedure, equipment, technique A chronic total occlusion (CTO) is defined as the complete obstruction of a coronary artery, exhibiting TIMI 0 or TIMI 1 flow, with an occlusion duration of >3 months. The prevalence has been described as high as 30%, and 13% of cases exhibit more than one CTO. These are…

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