Brain Cancer

Gender-Based Differences in Chemotherapy: Efficacy and Safety

Gender-Based Differences in Chemotherapy: Efficacy and Safety

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Women and men were found to react differently to treatment with chemotherapy, although gender-based survival differences were not observed.

Moving Targets: Off-Label Prescribing of Targeted Therapies

Moving Targets: Off-Label Prescribing of Targeted Therapies

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By way of the TAPUR study, researchers are attempting to evaluate the activity of targeted therapies when they are used in an off-label setting.

Proteomics Study Reveals New Medulloblastoma Subtypes and Potential Novel Treatment Targets

Proteomics Study Reveals New Medulloblastoma Subtypes and Potential Novel Treatment Targets

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Genomic and proteomic studies of medulloblastoma samples helped researchers characterize new cancer subtypes and targets.

The Patient Behind the EHR: Oncologists Only See Half the Picture

The Patient Behind the EHR: Oncologists Only See Half the Picture

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Dr Vorobiof discusses the importance patient factors that can be missed via standard data collection methods for patients with cancer.

Who Determines What 'Value' Looks Like in Value-Based Cancer Care?

Who Determines What 'Value' Looks Like in Value-Based Cancer Care?

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Evaluation of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is an important component of measuring quality in cancer care.

Reclassification of Variants of Uncertain Significance: A Q&A With Theodora Ross MD, PhD

Reclassification of Variants of Uncertain Significance: A Q&A With Theodora Ross MD, PhD

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Dr Ross described how genomic reports may need to be updated to account for new insights into a variant's role in cancer.

Using ctDNA to Predict Cancer Recurrence and Guide Therapy Selection

Using ctDNA to Predict Cancer Recurrence and Guide Therapy Selection

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A ctDNA testing method has the capability to predict cancer recurrence, which could help guide therapy selections and uncover new drug development opportunities.

Synthetic or Plant-Based Cannabis for Symptom Relief in Patients With Cancer: Do We Have Any Evidence?

Synthetic or Plant-Based Cannabis for Symptom Relief in Patients With Cancer: Do We Have Any Evidence?

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In clinical practice, most physicians and nurse practitioners do not feel comfortable enough with their medical knowledge of cannabis to offer it to patients.

Fall of Star Cancer Researcher Brings Broader Picture Into View

Fall of Star Cancer Researcher Brings Broader Picture Into View

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Dr José Baselga failed to disclose his financial ties to pharmaceutical companies in top-tier journals, causing many to question whether conflicts of interest are being properly reported.

Oncology Community Expresses Concern About Medicare Advantage Step-Therapy Policy

Oncology Community Expresses Concern About Medicare Advantage Step-Therapy Policy

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More than 90 medical societies have called on the US government to reverse a policy allowing step therapy under Medicare Advantage.

FDA Guidance: Expansion Cohort Trials Expected to Modernize Oncology Trials

FDA Guidance: Expansion Cohort Trials Expected to Modernize Oncology Trials

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There is a push to create innovative adaptive trial designs that include more patients and, subsequently, more generalizable data.

Bispecific Antibodies in Cancer

Bispecific Antibodies in Cancer

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Interest in these bioengineered antibodies has been rekindled by the striking success seen in the treatment of some cancers with immunotherapies.

Where Have All the T Cells Gone?

Where Have All the T Cells Gone?

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New research proposes a novel mechanism for how tumors sidestep the immune system in patients with intracranial tumors.

Cognitive Functioning Affects the Ability of Patients With Advanced Cancer to Give Informed Consent

Cognitive Functioning Affects the Ability of Patients With Advanced Cancer to Give Informed Consent

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Approximately half of patients with advanced cancer who are enrolled in phase 1 clinical trials do not know the ultimate goal of the study.

Iobenguane I 131 First FDA-Approved Drug For Pheochromocytoma or Paraganglioma

Iobenguane I 131 First FDA-Approved Drug For Pheochromocytoma or Paraganglioma

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The FDA based its approval on findings from a single-arm phase 2 study, in which researchers treated 68 patients with iobenguane I 131 intravenous injection.

Triclosan and Cancer Risk: Is There a Link?

Triclosan and Cancer Risk: Is There a Link?

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Some studies suggest triclosan could have oncogenic properties, but more research is needed to confirm a causal link.

Is Genomic Medicine Failing Minority Patients?

Is Genomic Medicine Failing Minority Patients?

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Racial minorities are poorly represented in genomic research databases, raising important questions about whether or not all patients will benefit equally from advances in precision oncology.

Risk of Brain Metastasis in Colorectal Cancer Dependent on Tumor Location and Other Metastatic Sites

Risk of Brain Metastasis in Colorectal Cancer Dependent on Tumor Location and Other Metastatic Sites

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In patients with colorectal cancer, rectal tumors and lung metastasis appeared to be linked to an elevated risk for brain cancer.

<i>ARID1A</i> Mutations Might Predict Tumor Response to Immunotherapy

ARID1A Mutations Might Predict Tumor Response to Immunotherapy

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New findings bolster the case for the predictive utility of ARID1A mutations.

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Detection: New Test Assesses Levels of Circulating Proteins for Early-Stage Diagnosis

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Detection: New Test Assesses Levels of Circulating Proteins for Early-Stage Diagnosis

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A new test has been shown to be capable of identifying eight different cancers by assessing levels of circulating proteins along with mutations in cell-free DNA.

Understanding Telomerase: Higher Quality Images Give Insight Into Developing New Agents for Inhibition

Understanding Telomerase: Higher Quality Images Give Insight Into Developing New Agents for Inhibition

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Telomerase plays a crucial role in tumor proliferation, and a better understanding of its structure will pave the way for new drug development.

Efficacy and Hyperemesis Syndrome Associated With Cannabinoid Use in Cancers ― In the Clinic

Efficacy and Hyperemesis Syndrome Associated With Cannabinoid Use in Cancers ― In the Clinic

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Many clinical trials and systematic reviews note that the use of cannabinoids also comes with adverse events, including a clinical entity that has been gaining evidence in the literature over the last decade called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.

Can Oncolytic Viruses Improve Immunotherapies?

Can Oncolytic Viruses Improve Immunotherapies?

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Emerging evidence shows that injecting tumors directly into one tumor can trigger systemic antitumor immunity and immune attacks on untreated tumors elsewhere in the body.

Clonally Transmissible Cancers in Nature

Clonally Transmissible Cancers in Nature

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While a recent discovery of a series of communicable cancers has raised concerns, there has been no sign of readily transmittable cancer in people that could spread through a population the way the ones found in other species do.

The Hunt for Effective Anticancer Vaccines

The Hunt for Effective Anticancer Vaccines

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Researchers are hotly pursuing 2 distinct biological paths that show remarkable promise in the hunt for an effective anticancer vaccine.

Carboxyamidotriazole Orotate With Temozolomide May Be Active Against Glioblastoma

Carboxyamidotriazole Orotate With Temozolomide May Be Active Against Glioblastoma

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EGFR-amplified tumors had a high rate of response.

HIV-Associated Cancers: A Paradigm Shift?

HIV-Associated Cancers: A Paradigm Shift?

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Many HIV-associated cancers develop with the help of oncoviruses — some of which are sexually transmitted.

Anticancer Immunotherapy to Circumvent Tumor Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Anticancer Immunotherapy to Circumvent Tumor Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

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Most tumors do not respond, or evolve resistance, to immune checkpoint inhibition. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins have engineered a new class of cancer immunotherapy agents designed to short-circuit key mechanisms of tumors' disruption and evasion of immune system attack.

Phase 1 Trials: Therapy, Not Just Science

Phase 1 Trials: Therapy, Not Just Science

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Phase 1 trials should be considered therapeutic options for some patients.

Immunotherapy and the Risk of Myocarditis

Immunotherapy and the Risk of Myocarditis

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The risk should not discourage patients with cancer from taking these potentially life-extending therapies.

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