Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil act through a host receptor, GPR120, to confer anti-prostate cancer effects. Additional studies are underway.
Is a higher frequency of organic food consumption correlated to a lower risk of cancer?
There are no data on whether a vegan diet is an effective means of cancer prevention among high-risk populations.
Some prior evidence has linked increased sugar consumption to cancer development, but its impact on prostate cancer is unknown.
Several meta-analyses suggest that coffee consumption may decrease the risk of many types of cancers, but for some cancers, the data remain mixed or indicate an increased risk.
Cascara use is not recommended because there are insufficient data for establishing its safety, and there have been reports of liver injury with high doses.
A recent article is only the latest in a series of studies drawing attention to the importance of diet in prostate cancer development.
Higher ERDP scores were significantly associated with developing breast cancer.
1. Hot tea consumption in combination with excessive smoking or alcohol use was associated with a higher risk for esophageal cancer. 2. In the absence of excessive alcohol use and smoking, daily tea drinking was not linked to increased risk for esophageal cancer. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Esophageal cancer is a concern 
In vitro and in vivo data suggest that acai berry extracts have anticancer properties, and warrant additional studies in humans.
Patients in both treatment arms had a PFS of about 9 months.
Nut intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance.
High fish consumption may provide a protective benefit against gastrointestinal cancers, thyroid cancer, multiple myeloma, and childhood leukemia.
Epidemiologic data of flaxseed dietary intake and high enterolactone serum concentrations suggest that flaxseed consumption may reduce the risk of breast cancer.
Epidemiologic evidence suggests that high poultry consumption is not associated with an increased risk of most cancers, including cancer mortality.
The association of cancer risk and alcohol varies by tumor type, as alcohol consumption has been associated with several different types of cancers.
A recent study into the relationship between glucose and cancer cell proliferation may be helping to identify a therapeutic route to starve tumors without killing normal cells.
Epidemiologic evidence is mixed regarding the protective effect of garlic consumption against different cancer types.
Epidemiologic evidence suggests that high consumption of red meat, particularly beef, is associated with an increased risk of several types of cancer.
Several case-control and prospective cohort studies conducted in a Korean population suggest that ginseng intake can reduce the risk of cancer, though this was not supported by other cohort studies in different populations.
The available human studies do not support the role of Ginkgo biloba as a treatment for cancer, but the published studies were not placebo-controlled, making it difficult to draw conclusions from the data.
Fish oil supplementation may improve chemotherapy-related outcomes, such as time to tumor progression, and may be protective against certain toxicities.
The data regarding sugar consumption and the increased risk of cancer are not consistent, making it difficult to draw definitive conclusions.
Data indicate that beta-Carotene should not be recommended as a cancer prevention agent due to lack of efficacy and potential harm among smokers or those exposed to asbestos.
This fact sheet is a review of study data about the relationship between zinc supplementation and cancer incidence and outcomes.
Researchers evaluated data from 1,445,850 participants, among whom 18,822 developed lung cancer, to determine whether dietary intake is linked to the disease.
There is limited epidemiologic and lab-experiment evidence that green tea and green tea compounds are capable at high concentrations of affecting tumor biology.
More prospective studies are needed to determine the role of diet and the underlying mechanisms that explain dietary benefits among women with breast cancer.
A high intake of grilled/barbecued and smoked meat prior to cancer diagnosis may increase the risk of death of patients with breast cancer.
Some data point to a link between white wine and melanoma, though this link is inconclusive.
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