Fact Sheet

Finding Clinical Trials in Cancer

Finding Clinical Trials in Cancer

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This fact sheet describes patient-directed strategies for finding clinical trials.

Managing Immune-Related Adverse Events

Managing Immune-Related Adverse Events

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An overview of the potential immune-related adverse events that can arise from treatment with checkpoint inhibitors.

Managing Neutropenia

Managing Neutropenia

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Both the chemotherapy regimen selected and therapeutic dose intensity used in treatment factor into the calculation of neutropenia risk.

Genetic Testing and Cancer

Genetic Testing and Cancer

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Traditional genetic testing historically included the sequential analysis of single and generally well-described genes involved in heritable cancers.

Psychotherapy and Cancer

Psychotherapy and Cancer

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Some data suggest that psychotherapy may benefit patients with cancer, but higher-quality research is needed.

Polypharmacy and Cancer

Polypharmacy and Cancer

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The effect of polypharmacy and noncancer mortality on patient survival and other outcomes in cancer varies by study.

Financial Toxicity and Cancer

Financial Toxicity and Cancer

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Though it is clear that cancer is associated with an extreme financial burden, the extent of the burden varies widely.

Dietary Nitrates/Nitrites and Cancer

Dietary Nitrates/Nitrites and Cancer

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There is concern that added nitrates and nitrites are associated with an increased risk of cancer, but epidemiologic data have been inconclusive thus far.

Exercise and Cancer

Exercise and Cancer

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The mechanisms that drive this benefit are not well-understood, and it is believed that the benefit is not just a result of reducing risk factors such as body weight.

Massage and Cancer

Massage and Cancer

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An overview of the research regarding the use of massage to improve cancer- or treatment-related symptoms and overall quality of life for patients with cancer.

Mobile Phones and Cancer

Mobile Phones and Cancer

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Multiple studies have examined the possible association between cell phone usage and increased cancer risk, but study designs, potential biases, and interpretations of statistical outcomes leave conclusions uncertain.

Indoor Tanning and Cancer

Indoor Tanning and Cancer

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All meta-analyses conducted to date show a significant association between indoor tanning use and an increased risk of melanoma or non-melanoma skin cancers.

Resveratrol and Cancer

Resveratrol and Cancer

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Though mechanisms of anticancer effects of resveratrol have been identified, the ability to translate these findings to in-human studies is a challenge.

Coffee and Cancer

Coffee and Cancer

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Several meta-analyses suggest that coffee consumption may decrease the risk of many types of cancers, but for some cancers, the data remain mixed or indicate an increased risk.

Acupuncture and Cancer

Acupuncture and Cancer

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Though the mechanisms of action of acupuncture are not well-understood and continue to be an area of research, hypotheses include changes in neurohormones and immunomodulation through cytokines.

Amygdalin and Cancer

Amygdalin and Cancer

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While some in vitro data suggests anticancer activity, animal and in-human studies fail to show efficacy and the risk of cyanide toxicity make amygdalin not recommended for use.

Cannabis and Cancer

Cannabis and Cancer

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Cannabis and its synthetic cannabinoids have been studied for medicinal properties across multiple disease states.

Essential Oils and Cancer

Essential Oils and Cancer

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In-human studies have evaluated the use of EOs in a supportive role, and though EOs appear to have some efficacy in this setting, larger studies are needed to confirm their effects.

Cascara and Cancer

Cascara and Cancer

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Cascara use is not recommended because there are insufficient data for establishing its safety, and there have been reports of liver injury with high doses.

Controlled Amino Acid Therapy and Cancer

Controlled Amino Acid Therapy and Cancer

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In vitro and in vivo data suggest that selective amino acid deprivation may have anticancer activity.

Bloodroot and Cancer

Bloodroot and Cancer

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Bloodroot-containing products sold as a cure for cancer can be highly toxic and result in disfigurement.

Ayurvedic Medicine and Cancer

Ayurvedic Medicine and Cancer

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Proponents of Ayurveda claim that it is as effective as Western medicine but few, if any, well-designed clinical trials have been conducted using the Ayurvedic approach.

Alpha Lipoic Acid and Cancer

Alpha Lipoic Acid and Cancer

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Preliminary data suggest that alpha lipoic acid, particularly in combination with other compounds, may improve quality of life and may have some anticancer activity.

Acai Berry and Cancer

Acai Berry and Cancer

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In vitro and in vivo data suggest that acai berry extracts have anticancer properties, and warrant additional studies in humans.

Nicotinamide and Cancer

Nicotinamide and Cancer

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Oral nicotinamide may reduce the number and size of AKs and prevent the development of new non-melanoma skin cancers among patients at high risk.

AHCC and Cancer

AHCC and Cancer

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Two small studies suggest that AHCC may improve outcomes among patients with liver cancer.

Fish Consumption and Cancer

Fish Consumption and Cancer

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High fish consumption may provide a protective benefit against gastrointestinal cancers, thyroid cancer, multiple myeloma, and childhood leukemia.

Flaxseed Lignans and Cancer

Flaxseed Lignans and Cancer

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Epidemiologic data of flaxseed dietary intake and high enterolactone serum concentrations suggest that flaxseed consumption may reduce the risk of breast cancer.

Poultry Consumption and Cancer

Poultry Consumption and Cancer

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Epidemiologic evidence suggests that high poultry consumption is not associated with an increased risk of most cancers, including cancer mortality.

Alcohol Consumption and Cancer

Alcohol Consumption and Cancer

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The association of cancer risk and alcohol varies by tumor type, as alcohol consumption has been associated with several different types of cancers.

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