THURSDAY, April 26 (HealthDay News) – The American Cancer Society has updated the 2006 guidelines to provide new evidence and clinical practices related to nutrition and physical activity for cancer survivors during the continuum of cancer care, according to a report published online April 26 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

Cheryl L. Rock, PhD, RD, from the University of California San Diego in La Jolla, and colleagues evaluated the scientific evidence and best clinical practices pertaining to optimal nutrition and physical activity following a cancer diagnosis. The guidelines are intended to present health care providers with optimal information to help cancer survivors and their caregivers make informed choices regarding nutrition and physical activity.

The authors discuss the nutritional and physical activity guidelines during the stages of cancer care; treatment and recovery; long term, disease free living, or living with stable disease; and living with advanced cancer – each of which presents its own needs and challenges. Guidelines are given for cancer survivors in specific areas of weight management, including physical activity, food choices, alcohol intake, and food safety, with an emphasis on preventing recurrence, second primary cancers, and other chronic diseases. The authors also discuss specific issues related to selected cancer sites and answer common questions pertaining to diet, physical activity, and surviving cancer.

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“It is important that health care providers, cancer survivors, and caregivers consider the nutritional and physical activity issues discussed in this report within the context of the individual survivor’s overall medical and health situation,” the authors conclude.

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