(HealthDay News) — Hispanic/Latino men and women in the United States have lower overall cancer incidence and mortality than non-Hispanic Whites, but they have an increased risk for specific cancers, including infection-related cancers, according to a report published online Sept. 21 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.
Kimberly D. Miller, M.P.H., from the American Cancer Society in Atlanta, and colleagues used the most recent population-based data to report on cancer occurrence, risk factors, and screening among Hispanic/Latino individuals in the United States.
The researchers note that among Hispanic individuals in the continental United States and Hawaii in 2021, an estimated 176,600 new cancer cases and 46,500 cancer deaths will occur.
Hispanic men and women had 25 to 30 percent lower incidence and mortality rates for all cancers combined compared with non-Hispanic Whites, and they had lower rates for most common cancers, although the gap is decreasing; for example, for colorectal cancer, the incidence rate ratio for Hispanics versus non-Hispanic Whites was 0.75 in 1995 compared with 0.91 in 2018.
Higher rates of infection-related cancers were seen among Hispanic individuals, including a roughly twofold higher incidence of liver and stomach cancers. In the continental United States and Hawaii, the incidence of cervical cancer was 32 percent higher among Hispanic versus non-Hispanic White women, while in Puerto Rico, the incidence was 78 percent higher.
“Addressing this critical gap for Hispanic individuals in obtaining access to high quality cancer prevention, early detection and treatment is going to be essential for mitigating the predicted growth in the cancer burden,” Miller said in a statement.