(HealthDay News) — Oncologists are overall very satisfied with their careers, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN., and colleagues surveyed U.S. oncologists (1,117 completed full length surveys; 49.6% women) to evaluate burnout and career satisfaction at all career stages.

The researchers found that 33.8% of the respondents were in academic practice (AP) and 43.2% were in private practice (PP). On average, oncologists worked 57.6 hours per week (AP, 58.6 hours per week; PP, 62.9 hours per week) and saw a mean of 52 outpatients per week. 

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Based on the emotional exhaustion and/or depersonalization domain of Maslach Burnout Inventory, 44.7% of oncologists were burned out (AP, 45.9%; PP, 50.5%; P = 0.18). In univariate and multivariate analyses, the primary professional predictor of burnout for both PP and AP oncologists was hours per week devoted to direct patient care. 

While the majority of oncologists in AP and PP were satisfied with their career (82.5%) and specialty (80.4%) choices, these career satisfaction measures were lower for those in PP than those in AP (all P < 0.006).

“Overall career satisfaction is high among US oncologists, albeit lower for those in PP relative to AP,” the researchers wrote. “Burnout rates among oncologists seem similar to those described in recent studies of US physicians in general. Those oncologists who devote the greatest amount of their professional time to patient care seem to be at greatest risk for burnout.”


  1. Shanafelt TD, Gradishar WJ, Kosty M, et al. Burnout and Career Satisfaction Among US Oncologists. J Clin Oncol. 2014;doi:10.1200/JCO.2013.51.8480.