Twelve months of partner-assisted skin self-examination (SSE) interventions were sustainable and efficacious for early detection targeting individuals with a history of melanoma, according to a recent study published online ahead of print in JAMA Dermatology.
For the study, researchers sought to evaluate three alternative SSE training approaches that included partners versus treatment-as-usual. Previous research has demonstrated that in-person training on SSEs was improved when taught to patients with their partners present.
Researchers randomly assigned 494 patients with stage 0 to IIB melanoma and their partners to an in-person intervention, a take-home booklet intervention, and treatment-as-usual controls. Some patients also received an electronic interactive tablet personal computer intervention.
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Results showed no significant differences in SSEs among the three interventions, and results for all three interventions were significantly higher than for controls at 4 and 12 months (all P<0.05).
The findings suggest that partner-assisted SSE interventions are beneficial for patients with a history of melanoma.