Patient has an HIV infection.
Screening test is a false-positive; there is no HIV infection.
Suggested Additional Lab Testing
Most important test for patient with a positive HIV screening test
Will determine if patient has antibodies to specific HIV-associated proteins
Will confirm or refute a diagnosis of HIV infection.
Some HIV-positive patients have a low CD4 count.
Extent of decrease may be useful in making decisions about prophylaxis against opportunistic infections.
HIV viral load
More than 5000 copies/mL suggests progression
Less than 5000 copies/mL is the target for successful treatment of HIV.
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