(HealthDay News) — Female stroke patients self-report being more negatively affected in their quality of life than do male stroke patients, according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Clinical Nursing.
Åsa Franzén-Dahlin, Ph.D., R.N., and Ann Charlotte Laska, M.D., Ph.D., from Danderyd Hospital in Stockholm, analyzed data from 496 patients (379 stroke and 117 transient ischemic attack [TIA]) from an out-patient stroke clinic between May 2008 and August 2009 who completed the Nottingham Health Profile.
The researchers found that, compared with male patients, female stroke patients were significantly more negatively affected in all domains except the social domain. The same trend was observed for patients with TIA, with female patients significantly more negatively affected in all domains than males. Among males, stroke patients had a significantly more negatively affected quality of life than TIA patients in the emotional, energy, social, and total domains. Among females, stroke and TIA patients were equally negatively affected.
“This study shows that female stroke patients are more negatively affected in their quality of life than male stroke patients and that female TIA patients are as affected as female stroke patients,” the authors write. “This indicates that female patients with both stroke and TIA need more attention concerning their life situation.”