Pediatric Cancer

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Detection: New Test Assesses Levels of Circulating Proteins for Early-Stage Diagnosis

Liquid Biopsies and Cancer Detection: New Test Assesses Levels of Circulating Proteins for Early-Stage Diagnosis

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A new test has been shown to be capable of identifying eight different cancers by assessing levels of circulating proteins along with mutations in cell-free DNA.

Vigorous Exercise Improved Life Expectancy for Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancers

Vigorous Exercise Improved Life Expectancy for Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancers

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Researchers report on a retrospective cohort analysis that evaluated the long-term effects of vigorous exercise for survivors of childhood cancer.

Understanding Telomerase: Higher Quality Images Give Insight Into Developing New Agents for Inhibition

Understanding Telomerase: Higher Quality Images Give Insight Into Developing New Agents for Inhibition

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Telomerase plays a crucial role in tumor proliferation, and a better understanding of its structure will pave the way for new drug development.

Efficacy and Hyperemesis Syndrome Associated With Cannabinoid Use in Cancers ― In the Clinic

Efficacy and Hyperemesis Syndrome Associated With Cannabinoid Use in Cancers ― In the Clinic

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Many clinical trials and systematic reviews note that the use of cannabinoids also comes with adverse events, including a clinical entity that has been gaining evidence in the literature over the last decade called cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.

Can Oncolytic Viruses Improve Immunotherapies?

Can Oncolytic Viruses Improve Immunotherapies?

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Emerging evidence shows that injecting tumors directly into one tumor can trigger systemic antitumor immunity and immune attacks on untreated tumors elsewhere in the body.

Relative Survival for AYAs Comparable to General Population After 7 Years

Relative Survival for AYAs Comparable to General Population After 7 Years

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Survivorship plans for adolescent and young adult survivors need to consider the relative long-term survival for AYAs with certain cancers. Those with certain cancers may have excess long-term mortality.

Clonally Transmissible Cancers in Nature

Clonally Transmissible Cancers in Nature

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While a recent discovery of a series of communicable cancers has raised concerns, there has been no sign of readily transmittable cancer in people that could spread through a population the way the ones found in other species do.

Does Larotrectinib Offer New Hope to Children With TRK Fusion-Positive Solid Tumors?

Does Larotrectinib Offer New Hope to Children With TRK Fusion-Positive Solid Tumors?

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Because of the drug's promising safety and efficacy, the first child was treated on trial only 9 months after the first adult with a TRK fusion was treated.

The Hunt for Effective Anticancer Vaccines

The Hunt for Effective Anticancer Vaccines

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Researchers are hotly pursuing 2 distinct biological paths that show remarkable promise in the hunt for an effective anticancer vaccine.

HIV-Associated Cancers: A Paradigm Shift?

HIV-Associated Cancers: A Paradigm Shift?

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Many HIV-associated cancers develop with the help of oncoviruses — some of which are sexually transmitted.

Anticancer Immunotherapy to Circumvent Tumor Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Anticancer Immunotherapy to Circumvent Tumor Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

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Most tumors do not respond, or evolve resistance, to immune checkpoint inhibition. Now, researchers at Johns Hopkins have engineered a new class of cancer immunotherapy agents designed to short-circuit key mechanisms of tumors' disruption and evasion of immune system attack.

Phase 1 Trials: Therapy, Not Just Science

Phase 1 Trials: Therapy, Not Just Science

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Phase 1 trials should be considered therapeutic options for some patients.

Immunotherapy and the Risk of Myocarditis

Immunotherapy and the Risk of Myocarditis

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The risk should not discourage patients with cancer from taking these potentially life-extending therapies.

Can A Consortium of Hospitals Help To Reduce Drug Prices?

Can A Consortium of Hospitals Help To Reduce Drug Prices?

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To help curb drug prices, a consortium of hospital groups recently announced plans to form their own nonprofit drug company.

Larotrectinib: Promising for All TRK-Positive Tumors

Larotrectinib: Promising for All TRK-Positive Tumors

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Larotrectinib may have durable antitumor activity in patients with TRK fusion-positive cancers, regardless of tumor type.

Diagnosing Medicine's Intractable Gender Pay Gap

Diagnosing Medicine's Intractable Gender Pay Gap

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The #MeToo movement has inspired many women to relate stories of harassment, and medicine is no exception.

Socioeconomic Status May Preclude Elderly Patients From Receiving Pancreatic Cancer Treatment

Socioeconomic Status May Preclude Elderly Patients From Receiving Pancreatic Cancer Treatment

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The adjusted OR for receiving any treatment was 0.33 among patients living in an area where at least 20% of the population was below the poverty line.

Managing Adverse Events in the Era of Immunotherapy

Managing Adverse Events in the Era of Immunotherapy

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The novelty of immunotherapies means that physicians and patients lack extensive experience dealing with them.

Healthful Lifestyles and Cancer: Much More Than A Single Behavior

Healthful Lifestyles and Cancer: Much More Than A Single Behavior

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A recent study is the first to demonstrate the cumulative effect of a large number of lifestyle behaviors.

Cancer Immunosurveillance Comes of Age

Cancer Immunosurveillance Comes of Age

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As oncologists learn to target the immune response to "self and non-self," a delicate therapy balance will eventually be achieved with predictable outcomes, benefits, and toxicity in the fight against cancer.

Pediatric Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia May Have Elevated Cancer Risk

Pediatric Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia May Have Elevated Cancer Risk

Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Does Immune Checkpoint Inhibition Have A Dark Side?

Does Immune Checkpoint Inhibition Have A Dark Side?

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Careful research is needed to ensure that immunotherapies activating T cells do not inadvertently fuel progression of T cell malignancies.

Cannabis for Cancer: An Uncertain Future

Cannabis for Cancer: An Uncertain Future

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While some researchers are attempting to determine whether cannabis has any anti-tumor activity, the FDA recommends that patients do not listen to websites touting the benefits of cannabidiol.

Can Understanding the Gut Microbiome Improve Clinical Oncology?

Can Understanding the Gut Microbiome Improve Clinical Oncology?

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Researchers hope to define what constitutes a functionally healthy microbiome not just in cancer, but across the health spectrum.

Ontuxizumab May Be Safe for Pediatric Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors

Ontuxizumab May Be Safe for Pediatric Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors

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No dose-limiting toxicities were observed among the 6 patients who received ontuxizumab 4 mg/kg and 6 patients who received 8 mg/kg.

Cancer Drug Addiction: Prospects for Integrated Therapeutic Management

Cancer Drug Addiction: Prospects for Integrated Therapeutic Management

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The drug addiction strategy must be broadened to account for non-addicted cells, sensitive or resistant, that remain after therapy. Much as selection should favor the development of drug resistant tumor cell lineages, it should also favor lineages that are resistant to addiction.

Can Inhibiting Ubiquitin Target Undruggable Tumor Proteins?

Can Inhibiting Ubiquitin Target Undruggable Tumor Proteins?

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A class of DUBs known as the ubiquitin-specific-processing proteases are involved in regulating the p53 signaling pathway and have been implicated in tumorigenesis and radiotherapy resistance.

The Warburg Effect: Can Cancer Be Starved of Sugar?

The Warburg Effect: Can Cancer Be Starved of Sugar?

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A recent study into the relationship between glucose and cancer cell proliferation may be helping to identify a therapeutic route to starve tumors without killing normal cells.

Genetic Predisposition to Cancer: Where Are We Now?

Genetic Predisposition to Cancer: Where Are We Now?

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In part 2 of a 2-part series, Bryant Furlow discusses advances in genome sequencing technologies and the resulting insights into associations between inherited germline mutations and cancer.

Mobile Apps: The Future of Cancer Care?

Mobile Apps: The Future of Cancer Care?

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From anxiety and pain self-management to side effect monitoring in clinical trials, mobile applications are revolutionizing oncology. Researchers say the technology is even transforming clinical trials themselves.

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