Second Primaries in Nearly Quarter of Metastatic Prostate Cancer Cases
More than one-quarter of patients with metastatic prostate cancer present with a synchronous second primary malignancy.
More than one-quarter of patients with metastatic prostate cancer present with a synchronous second primary malignancy, according to a review published in The Journal of Urology.
Kyo Chul Koo, M.D., Ph.D., from the Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, South Korea, and colleagues conducted a retrospective record review of 582 consecutive patents with prostate cancer diagnosed with metastasis.
The authors examined the prognostic impact of a synchronous second primary malignancy, defined as a cytologically or histologically proven solid malignancy, on overall survival.
The researchers found that 28.1 percent of patients had a synchronous second primary malignancy, of which the most prevalent types were colorectal (9.1 percent), stomach (7.3 percent), and lung (7.1 percent) cancers.
During a median follow-up of 34.1 months, the rate of overall survival was significantly higher for patients without a synchronous secondary primary malignancy versus those with lung or stomach cancer.
RELATED: Under, Over Imaging Suspected for Prostate Cancer Care
Outcomes were comparable for men without a second malignancy and for those with colorectal cancer. Independent predictors of overall mortality included clinical stage T4 or greater, American Society of Anesthesiologists score 1 or greater, and lung or stomach cancer.
"A substantial proportion of patients with metastatic prostate cancer present with a synchronous second primary malignancy," the authors write.
"Definitive therapy targeting prostate cancer may confer a limited survival benefit in patients with synchronous lung or stomach cancer."