Music Therapy Helps Teens Cope During HSCT

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Music Therapy Helps Teens Cope During HSCT
Music Therapy Helps Teens Cope During HSCT

(HealthDay News) — For adolescents/young adults (AYAs), a therapeutic music video (TMV) intervention delivered during the acute phase of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is associated with positive resilience outcomes, according to a study published online Jan. 27 in Cancer.

Sheri L. Robb, PhD, from the Indiana University School of Nursing in Indianapolis, and colleagues examined the efficacy of a TMV intervention delivered during the acute phase of HSCT in a group of 113 AYAs, aged 11 to 24 years, undergoing myeloablative HSCT. 

Participants were randomly assigned to receive six sessions of TMV or low-dose control (audiobooks) over 3 weeks with a board-certified music therapist. Measures related to latent variables of illness-related distress, social integration, spiritual perspective, family environment, coping, hope-derived meaning, and resilience were assessed at baseline (T1), post-intervention (T2), and 100 days post-transplant (T3).

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The researchers found that the TMV group reported significantly better courageous coping (P = 0.030) at T2. Significantly better social integration (P = 0.028) and family environment (P = 0.008) were reported by the TMV group at T3, while there were moderate nonsignificant effect sizes for spiritual perspective (P = 0.071) and self-transcendence (P = 0.088).

"The TMV intervention improves positive health outcomes of courageous coping, social integration, and family environment during a high-risk cancer treatment," the researchers wrote. "We recommend the TMV be examined in a broader population of AYAs with high-risk cancers."

References

  1. Robb SL, Burns DS, Stegenga KA, et al. Randomized clinical trial of therapeutic music video intervention for resilience outcomes in adolescents/young adults undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant: A report from the Children's Oncology Group. Cancer. 2014;doi:10.1002/cncr.28355.

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