|BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS TREATMENTS|
|azithromycin||Azasite||Rx||1%||2.5mL||soln¹||<1yr: Not established.
≥1yr: 1 drop twice daily (8−12hrs apart) for 2 days, then once daily for 5 days.
|bacitracin||Bacitracin Ophthalmic Ointment||Rx||500U/g||3.5g||oint||Adults and Children: Apply 1−3 times daily.
Blepharitis: remove scales and crusts before applying to lid margins.
|besifloxacin||Besivance||Rx||0.6%||5mL||susp¹||<1yr: Not established.
≥1yr: 1 drop in affected eye(s) 3 times daily (4−12hrs apart) for 7 days. Shake bottle once before use.
|ciprofloxacin||Ciloxan||Rx||0.3%||3.5g||oint||<2yrs: Not established.
≥2yrs: Apply ½ inch into conjunctival sac 3 times daily for 2 days, then twice daily for next 5 days.
|5mL||soln¹||Adults and Children: 1–2 drops in conjunctival sac(s) every 2hrs while awake for 2 days, then 1–2 drops every 4hrs while awake for next 5 days.|
mycin Ophthalmic Ointment
|Rx||5mg/g||3.5g||oint||Adults and Children: Apply 1cm ribbon of ointment to infected area up to 6 times daily. Prophylaxis of neonatal gonoccocal or chlamydial conjunctivitis: instill 1cm ribbon of ointment into each lower conjunctival sac.|
|gatifloxacin||Zymaxid||Rx||0.5%||2.5mL||soln¹||<1yr: Not established.
≥1yr: 1 drop every 2hrs (max 8 doses) on Day 1 then 1 drop 2−4 times daily while awake on Days 2−7.
|gentamicin sulfate||—||Rx||0.3%||contact supplier||soln¹||Adults and Children: 1 or 2 drops in affected eye(s) every 4hrs. Severe infections: Up to 2 drops once every hour.|
|Gentak||Rx||0.3%||3.5g||oint||Adults and Children: Apply a ½ inch of ointment 2−3 times daily.|
|levofloxacin||—||Rx||0.5%||contact supplier||soln¹||<6yrs: Not established.
≥6yrs: 1−2 drops every 2hrs while awake (max 8 times/day) on Days 1 and 2, then 1−2 drops every 4hrs while awake (max 4 times/day) on Days 3−7.
|moxifloxacin||Moxeza||Rx||0.5%||3mL||soln||<4mos: Not established.
≥4mos: 1 drop twice daily for 7 days.
|Vigamox||Rx||0.5%||3mL||soln||Adults and Children: 1 drop 3 times daily for 7 days.|
|ofloxacin||Ocuflox||Rx||0.3%||5mL||soln¹||<1yr: Not established.
≥1yr: 1−2 drops every 2−4hrs for 2 days, then 4 times daily for 5 more days.
|polymyxin B sulfate||—||Rx||10000U/g||contact supplier||oint||Adults and Children: Apply every 3−4hrs for 7−10 days.|
|polymyxin B sulfate||—||Rx||10000U/g||contact supplier||oint||Adults and Children: Apply every 4hrs for 7−10 days.|
|neomycin (as sulfate)||3.5mg/g|
|polymyxin B sulfate||Neosporin||Rx||10000U/
|10mL||soln³||Children: Not recommended.
Adults: 1−2 drops every 4hrs for 7−10 days. Max up to 2 drops every hour.
|polymyxin B sulfate||Polytrim||Rx||10000U/
|10mL||soln¹||<2mos: Not recommended.
≥2mos: 1 drop every 3hrs for 7−10 days; max 6 doses/day.
|Bleph‑10||Rx||10%||5mL||soln¹||<2mos: Not recommended.
≥2mos: Initially 1−2 drops every 2−3hrs during the day (less often at night). Treat for 7−10 days.
|tobramycin||Tobrex||Rx||0.3%||3.5g||oint²||<2mos: Not established. ≥2mos: Mild to moderate infections: 1–2 drops every 4hrs or ½ inch of ointment 2–3 times daily. Severe infections: 2 drops every hr or ½ inch of ointment every 3–4hrs until improvement; then reduce before discontinuing.|
Do not wear contact lenses with signs and symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis. To prevent contamination, the dropper tip should not touch the eyelids or surrounding areas. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.
Not an inclusive list of medications, official indications, and/or dosing. Please see drug monograph at www.eMPR.com and/or contact company for full drug labeling.
This article originally appeared on MPR