Urinary Incontinence
URINARY INCONTINENCE
URINARY INCONTINENCE CLASSIFICATION
Type Description
Stress
Incontinence
Involuntary urine loss due to increased physical pressure on the bladder.
Urge
Incontinence
Strong, sudden need to urinate immediately followed by a bladder contraction, resulting in involuntary loss of urine.
Mixed
Incontinence
Both stress and urge incontinence are present.
Overflow
Incontinence
Involuntary loss of urine due to overdistension of the bladder.
Reflex
Incontinence
Involuntary urine loss due to detrusor hyperreflexia and/or involuntary urethral relaxation.
Functional
Incontinence
Physical disability, external obstacles, or problems in thinking or communicating prevent a person from reaching a toilet.
POTENTIAL CAUSES OF INCONTINENCE
Temporary Causes Irreversible Causes

• Alcohol/caffeine consumption

• Chronic cough

• Smoking

• UTI or urinary tract inflammation

• Prostate infection or inflammation

• Stool impaction

• Increased urine volume

• Pregnancy

• Diet/weight gain

• Immobility/physical inactivity

• Mental confusion

• Medications

• Aging

• Spinal injuries

• Anatomical abnormalities

• Neurological disease or disorders

• Sphincter damage

• Pelvic prolapse

• Enlarged prostate

• CNS disorders

• Bladder cancer

• Bladder spasms

• Diabetes

NOTES

Bladder Control Problems (Urinary Incontinence). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Web site. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/bladder-control-problems. Published June 2018. Accessed April 10, 2019.

(Rev. 4/2019)

This article originally appeared on MPR